Scientists and planners need to be aware of the massive changes that are occurring in supranational regions in Asia. The statistics in this report are relevant for anyone with an interest in economic and sustainable development. Exploring the future needs robust statistics, and together with the ASEAN+ Database, a research project by Manuel Stagars at Singapore-ETH Centre (SEC), this technical report shall be a starting point for a discussion.


The informal term ASEAN+ includes the member countries of the ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) as well as China and India. This grouping of regions makes intuitive sense for historical, political, and economic reasons. The ASEAN+ is one of the fastest changing supranational regions in the world. The region is home to 3.3 billion people in 2015, and the forecasts predict the population will grow by an additional 300 million by 2030. This will represent roughly 43 percent of humanity, with the majority concentrating in cities. The share of world national income in the ASEAN+ has quadrupled since 1990, while their shares of energy consumption and CO2 emissions have doubled. This change is obvious in photographs and satellite images, and statistical data tell the story just as vividly, highlighting challenges such as rapid urbanisation, resource scarcity, and climate change.

Manuel led this project as a Senior Researcher at Singapore-ETH Centre from 2015-2016. Project group: Manuel Stagars, Peter Edwards, Remo Burkhard, Stephen Cairns; Design and Photography: Philipp Aldrup

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See related research:

Urbanization in the ASEAN+, 2015-2030;

Open Data in Southeast Asia: Toward Economic Prosperity, Government Transparency, and Citizen Participation in the ASEAN;

Data Quality in Southeast Asia: Analysis of Official Statistics and Their Institutional Framework as a Basis for Capacity Building and Policy Making in the ASEAN;

ASEAN+ Database—An Open Database for Statistical Research and Data Science in Southeast Asia, China, and India;